Filling is done to treat tooth decay/carries that is at it's initial stage where no major damage has been done to roots and tooth pulp.

There are two main types of fillings:

  • Amalgam Filling - done using the traditional material (silver compound) and would be visibly non-aesthetic.
  • Tooth coloured filling - which is the more preferred filling material made of composite or glass ionomer or compomer material. As the name goes - this type of filling is visibly aesthetic and would seem to be closer to the original tooth’s appearance.
Both types of filling have very similar strengths, thanks to the advancement in dental materials technology.

Decayed Tooth

Filling Done Using
Tooth-coloured Material


A crown is a tooth shaped cap that is done to restore the tooth’s shape, size, strength and appearance.

A dental crown may be needed to protect a weak tooth, restore severely broken tooth, hold a dental bridge in place, cover and support a tooth with large filling, cover a dental implant or make a cosmetic modification.

Materials used can vary from stainless steel (commonly for children’s baby molars), metals/alloys, porcelain fused to metal, resin, full ceramic, or full porcelain. For root treated teeth, a post core would be made prior to crowning

Root Canal Treatment

If a tooth's nerve chamber becomes infected by decay or is damaged, root canal treatment may be used to save the tooth. This is a last remedy where this treatment may still save the original tooth without replacement.

In this procedure, unhealthy pulp from the canal is cleaned and subsequently canals are filled with inert material.


When one tooth or several teeth are completely lost; the choice to restore is between using dentures, constructing a bridge or implants.

Bridge is a preferred solution since it utilizes the adjacent teeth as an anchor to hold a set of "new" artificial teeth. Bridge gives the natural look and 'behaves' like natural tooth whereby daily removal and cleaning is not necessary. Regular brushing can continue as usual.

The number of units required to restore missing tooth varies depending on several factors and is best judged by a dentist.

The choice between a removable denture, bridge or implant depends on various factors and is best decided upon a thorough examination of the patient’s condition.


Dentures are the "final frontiers" in tooth restoration.

The are mainly two types of denture base:

  • Acrylic Base - these are cheaper and lighter but is also lower on durability.
  • Chrome-cobalt Base - this is a stronger option and is generally known to give better comfort and is best suited when adjacent teeth are healthy.
  • Nylon Base - this is among the new generation materials used for denture base that gives obvious user comfort.